تحلیل استدلالی در سیاست عمومی: فرایند و کارکردها

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار سیاستگذاری عمومی دانشگاه شهید باهنرکرمان، کرمان، ایران

2 استادیار علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید باهنرکرمان، کرمان، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

10.22059/jppolicy.1401.89538

چکیده

هدف این مقاله معرفی رویکرد تحلیل استدلالی در سیاست عمومی و کاربرد آن است. رویکردهای مختلفی برای تحلیل سیاست‌های عمومی ارائه شده که هر یک دارای اهداف مشخص هستند و بر متغیرهای خاصی در تحلیل سیاست‌ها متمرکز می شوند. تحلیل استدلالی سیاست بر استدلال سیاستی و ویژگی‌های آن متمرکز است تا زوایای متفاوتی از تقابل طرفین یک استدلال را ارائه دهد. سیاستگذاران، استدلال‌های گوناگونی را برای اهداف مختلف از جمله توجیه سیاست مورد نظرشان یا برای اقناع مخاطبان و جلب حمایت عمومی بیان می‌کنند. در این مقاله اجزای تحلیل استدلالی سیاست بر اساس مدل تولمین شامل ادعا، داده، ضمانت، پشتوانه، انکار و تعدیل‌کننده تشریح شده است و در ادامه، کارکردها و نمونه‌های کاربرد تحلیل استدلال در تحلیل­ سیاست عمومی ارائه شده است که می تواند راهنمای مناسبی برای پژوهشگران سیاستگذاری عمومی باشد.

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