Examining EU Policies for Managing Conflict of Interests in the Field of Climate Change

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant Professor, Regional Studies, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 MA. in Regional Studies, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Climate change is one of the challenges that threaten human life on the planet, and the EU member states are not exempt from this. The current research aims to answer the question, how has the European Union's policy been to solve the challenge of conflict of interests in the issue of climate change? In response, this hypothesis can be proposed that the European Union has adopted an institutional approach to deal with climate change, based on which policy-making institutions have adopted ambitious policies, considering the risks of climate change and the differences between member states simultaneously. Legislators have provided the necessary legal framework and managed the conflict of interests caused by climate change by trying to balance economic and environmental interests with the support of policymakers. Multi-level governance theory has been used to examine the hypothesis and the intrinsic case studies method is used for its test. The result of this research shows that the European Union has dealt with climate change by creating coordination between different member states and considering the economic conditions of weaker countries.


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