The guideline for preparing evidence for science, technology and innovation policy-making: A Delphi study

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant prof. Science and Technology Policy, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc(.

2 Assistant prof. Library and Information Science, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc)


Given the acceleration of developments in science, technology, and innovation as well as the importance of these fields in the development of knowledge-based economics of countries, the way to formulate evidence for science, technology, and innovation policy should be such that enable policymakers to understand key issues and consider them in the shortest possible time and use them in their decisions. However, it is not yet clear what kind of components should be considered in the format of preparing such evidence. This study aims to design a practical guideline so that efficient evidence can be developed for policymakers in science, technology, and innovation. In this regard, first, the main components of guideline were explored and identified based on literature and they were categorized into three dimensions: structure, content, and design. Then such dimensions and components were organized in the questionnaire and distributed among a Delphi panel including   15 scholars and policymakers for validation. Based on results obtained from this study the best way of preparing evidence for policymakers in different level of policy-making (executive, sectoral, and macro levels) is policy brief and its key components  include a bibliography ( which itself include title, affiliation, date, and document number); introduction and statement of the problem; findings; policy recommendations and references. Moreover, the results show that structure, content, and design components are the same in different levels of policy-making and the only difference is the size of the policy brief.


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