Requirements and Consequences of Governance Transformation of Higher Education in Europe

Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor, Department of Regional Studies, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran


This research seeks to answer this question: what factors have prompted European countries to reform in higher education trends over the past three decades, and how the reforms have come about and what has been left behind? The research addresses the issue with the hypothesis that the domestic and foreign requirements of the EU countries have led to a change in the governance of the higher education system and the realization of multidimensional rule instead of purely state governance. The findings of the paper show that issues such as globalization, the changing world economy, the intensification of economic competition and economic crisis as external issues and low economic growth, and social challenges as internal factors have led to a change in the governance of the European higher education system . The consequences of this transformation have also emerged in the form of responsiveness, competitiveness, mobility, internationalization, networking and university specialization.


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