Explanation of Urmia Lake Policy Subsystem: Identifying Active Coalitions Based on the Advocacy Coalitions Framework

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD Candidate, Public Policy Making, Public Administration Department, Management and Economics faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Prof, Public Administration Department, Management and Accounting Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.


This research examines the policy-making system of Lake Urmia based on the advocacy coalition framework. So, active coalitions of the sub-system of policy-making of Lake Urmia, their beliefs and source of powers have been identified based on the qualitative approach in this research. The population of this research was experts who were familiar with the Urmia Lake policy-making system and documents in this field. Snowball sampling has been used as the method of sampling. Interviews and studying documents were the main instruments for gathering data. Content analysis has been used for analyzing data. The most important results of this research are the identification of three advocacy coalitions consisting of the supporter of local environmental management, the Supporter of the engineering approach, and the potential coalition of environmental NGOs. The results indicate that the type of activity of these three coalitions can be explained by the features of the adversarial subsystem.


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