Citizens' Right to Pursuit of Happiness, Study the Requirements and Patterns of Policy

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D.Student in Public Law, Faculty of Law. Islamic Azad University Rafsanjan Branch, Rafsanjan, Iran

2 Assistant Prof, Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law. Islamic Azad University Rafsanjan Branch, Rafsanjan, Iran


The pursuit of happiness has attracted the attention of thinkers &policymakers in recent decades; Because the realization or non-realization of happiness will have various direct effects on people in society. Attention to empirical evidence &statistics of international measures indicates the need for policy in the field of happiness in Iran. the question of the article is what is the policy model suitable for promoting happiness in Iran? To this end, this descriptive analytical research is to analyze the possibility of policy-making on the right to seek happiness &the policy requirements in this area (derived from the policy approaches of successful countries). As a result, the pursuit of happiness is increasingly a useful way to guide &evaluate the effectiveness of public policies, &hence the need to pay attention to the pursuit of happiness by policymakers in the social, economic &environmental contexts. in line with, the logic of public interest &national interests, it seems necessary


  • Abdoli, Leila (2015). Investigation of the factors affecting brain drain, International Conference on Science &Engineering, Dubai [in Persian].
  • Aberge, Rolf, Bjorklund, Anders, Jantti, Markus(2002) Income Inquality &Income Mobility in The Scandinavian Countries Compared to the united states. Review of Income &Wealthpp.Vol.48.No.4, 1_27
  • Allison, Elizabeth(2012),Gross National Happiness. Berkshire Publishing Group, M(2001). The Psychology of Happiness , 2nd. Hove: Routledge.
  • Aysan, Ommugulsum(2021). The Welfare States &Happiness Inequalities in Europe. Journal of social policy confernces.Available at: pp 71_99
  • Bacon, Nicola, Brophy Marcia, Mguni, Nina, Mulgan, Geoff, Shandro, Anna(2010). The State Of Happiness: Can Public Policy Shape peoples Wellbeing &resilience? , Published by The Young Foundation. Britania.
  • Bales, S. Happiness Matters: Measuring Happiness to Inform Government Policy. Prospect Journal of International Affairs, November 15, 2016.
  • Barbu, Ioan(2017), About The Legal Nature of, The Right to Happiness. ActA Universitatis George Bacovia. Available at: http: // Ju rdic .ugb .ro /
  • Bergsma, Ad, Poot , Germaine, Liefbroer, Aart(2008). Happiness in The Garden of Epicurus. Journal Happiness Study.Vol.9. No.3. Pp397_423
  • Beveridge, w.(1942) social insurance &allied services, His majestys stationary office. London
  • Burchi, Francesco, Gnesi, Chiara(2013), A Review Of The Literature on well_Being in Italy: A Human Development Perspective. Universita degli studi Roma tre.
  • Cummins, Robert. A. (2016)Happiness is the Right Metric to measure Good Societal Functioning. Business Media. New York.Vol.3No.2.pp273_277
  • Dean, M.& Hindess,B.(Eds)(1998). Governing Australia: studies in contemporary rationalities of government . Cambridge University press.
  • Donovan, Nick,& Halpern, David(2002). Life_ Satisfaction : The State Of Knowledge &the implications for governments. London: Strategy.Unit
  • Dorji, Namgay(2018), Sustainable Development &Happiness: Bhutan Voluntary National Review Report on the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for sustainable Development. United Nations High Level Political From. Royal Government of Bhutan.
  • Ducan, Grant,(2008)Should Happiness-Maximization be the Goal of Government?, Journal of happiness studies.Vol.11. No. 2, pp163_178.
  • Duncan, G,(2013), Happiness, Sadness &Government. Health, Culture &Society. Vol.1.No.1,Pp49_66
  • Frijters, Paul. Clark, Andrew. Krekel, Christian. Layard, Richard(2019), A Happy Choice: Wellbeing as the Goal of Government. Institute of Labor Economic.Vol4. No.2, Pp1_34.
  • Ghatrei, Fatemeh (2006). Investigation of the relationship between happiness &the quality of educational factors in elementary schools of Tehran, M.A thesis, Tehran Tarbiat Moalem University, Faculty of Psychology &Educational Sciences [in Persian].
  • Hardberger, Amy(2005), Life, liberty &the pursuit of water: Evaluating water as a human right &the duties &obligations it creates. Northwestern Journal of international Human Rights. Vol.4. No.2 pp330_362
  • Hardoon, Deborah, Hey, Nancy(2020), Well_being evidence at the heart of policy. What Works Well_being . London
  • Helliwell , John, Huang Haifang, Wang , Shun(2020). Happiness &The Quality of Govevnment. National Bureau of Economic Research.Working paper No26840. Pp1_26
  • Helliwell,John, Huang, Haifang ,Wang Shun, Norton, Max, (2021), World Happiness, Trust &Deaths under COVID_19, chapter2: World Happiness Report2021
  • John f(2018).Global Happiness policy synthesis 2018. Published by group of world happiness report 2018.
  • Hendriks, Martijn, Burger, Martinm Ray, Julie, Esipova, Neli(2018), Do International Migrants Increase Their Happiness &That of Their Families by Migrating ? World Happiness Report 2018.
  • Huang , H, & Wang , S.(2018). New evidence on trust &well_being . In E.M .Uslaner (Ed).The Oxford Handbook of social &political Trust . Oxford university
  • Jorgensen,Oluf,(2014) Access to information in the Nordic Countries . Published by Nordicom
  • Kahneman, Daniel. Deaton, Angus(2010), High Income Improves Evaluation Of Life but not Emotional well_being. Psychological &Cognitive Sciences.pp1_5
  • Khodayari Fard, Mohammad, Parand, Akram (2012), stress &the settlement methods, Tehran, Tehran University Press [in Persian].
  • Kymlicka ,will (2002). contemporary political philosophy. New York: oxford. University press
  • Layard, Richard,(2006), Happiness : Lessons from a New Science. Penguin
  • MacLenna, Sara, stead, Iven, Little, Allan(2021), Wellbeing Guidance for Appraisal: Supplementary Green book Guidance. Social Impacts Task Force.
  • Marinica, Elena, (2017) The Right to Happiness, OR The Right to pursuit Happiness. Valahia University Law Study. Vol.xxix. No1 .pp49_56                   
  • Martela, Frank, Greve, Bent, Rothstein, Bo, Saari, juho(2020). The Nordic Exceptionalism: What Explains why the Nordic countries are constantly Among the Happiest in the world. Published in World Happiness Report 2020.
  • Milward, Mark, (2020), The Nordic Social Welfare Model: Lessons for reform .Deloitto insights. Available at : deloitte. Com/ insights.
  • Miner, M, & Rawson , H.(eds).(2006). The Oxford Dictionary Of American Questions second Edition. New York : Oxford University press.
  • Momeni Landi, Muslim (2019). The relationship between cultural capital &the feeling of happiness (case study of Yazd city), International Congress of Interdisciplinary Research in Islamic Humanities, pp. 1-15 [in Persian].
  • Penalosa, E,& Ives, S,(2002)Politics of happiness. L&&people .available
  • Ranaweera, Sajeeva,(2013) Promotion Of Mental Well-Being Pursuit Of Happiness.published by World Health Organization Regional Office For South_East Asia. India.
  • Rothstein, Bo(2010), Happiness &the welfare state. Social research.Vol.77. No.2, pp441_468.
  • Rouhani Esfahani, Kamran (2009). Explaining the position of the right to enjoy a decent standard of living in the international human rights system &a case study in Iran's legal system, Allameh Tabatabaie University, M.A thesis [in Persian].
  • Sachs, J. Happiness &Sustainable Development: Concepts &Evidence. World Happiness Report, December, 2016.
  • Tinkler, Lucy(2015), The Office for National Statistics Experience Of Collecting &Measuring Subjective Well_Being . Statistics in Transition New Series. Vol.16.No.3, PP373_396
  • Veenhoven, Ruut(2004), Happiness As An Aim In public policy, The Greatest Happiness Principle. Positive Psychology in practice. Vol.39. No.6, pp1_31
  • Veenhoven, Ruut(2014), long_term change of happiness in nations: To times more rise than decline since the 1970s. In Stability of happiness: Theories &evidence on whether happiness can change'. Retrieved from
  • Veenhoven, Ruut(2015), Happiness As a Priority in Public Policy. Positive Psychology in Practice : promoting Human Flourishing in Work, Health, Education, &Everyday life, 2nd Edition.pp1_31
  • Veenhoven, Ruut(2015)Social conditions for human happiness: a review research, International journal of psychology.Vol50. No.5, pp 1_26
  • Veenhoven, Ruut, (2010)Greater Happiness for a Greater Number: Is That possible &Desirable?. Journal of Happiness studies.Vol.11.No.5, pp605_629
  • Veenhoven, Ruut, Ehrhardt, Joop(1995), The Cross_National Pattern of Happiness : Test of Predictions Implied in Three Theories of Happiness. Social Indicators Research. Vol.34, No.1, Pp33_68
  • Veenhoven, Ruut,(2013)Measures of Happiness. World Database of Happiness. Erasmus University Rotterdam , Netherlands. Available at: http :/ /worlddatabaseofhappiness .eur .n1/hap_quer/hqi_fp.php
  • Wilkinson, Will (2007), In Pursuit of Happiness Research: Is It Reliable? What Does It Imply for Policy? Policy Analysis. No.590. pp1_44
  • Yadollah Khani, Arash, Keharzare, Arash (2018). Nordic council: Fundamentals of socialist developmental regionalism based on perception &global positive image making, Iranian Journal of Social Development Studies, No. 4, pp. 79-95 [in Persian].