Critical study of patterns of participation in education and identification of overlooked structures in patterns

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Student of Educational Administration, Ferdowsi university of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Department of Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi University , Mashhad, Iran, Mashhad, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Educational Administration and Human Resource Development, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

4 The associate professor of the department of social sciences, Ferdowsi University Of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran


Participation in education, both theoretically &practically, suffers from some dogmatic views &negligence about genuine human concepts. With the aim of identifying the overlooked concepts in education participation models, the present research has made a critical study on global approaches in education participation. Ampliative Criticism of the following methods of philosophical Inquiry is the research method has been used in the critique of the classifications governing participation. What has been overlooked in all these approaches is the attention to the concepts of national autonomy, justice &educational interests. Alternative patterns for participation in education will not succeed &injustice, political dependence in the form of ultramodern colonization, &lack of training values in education will expend even more.


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