Investigating the Impact of Industrial Development Policies on Urbanization in Iranian Provinces

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Payame Noor University.

2 Ph.D. in Economics, University of Tabriz.

Abstract

Urbanization and industrial structure are two systems of economic development that influence each other. The rapid progress of urbanization helps to promote industrial development and vice versa. In this study, first, an index for industrial development has been constructed using the fuzzy logic approach for the period 2012-2020 for the provinces of Iran. The results show that Tehran, Isfahan, and East Azerbaijan have the highest industrial development, respectively, and Kurdistan, Ilam, and South Khorasan have the lowest level of industrial development in the period, respectively. In the following, we investigate the effect of industrial development on urbanization using quantitative regression. The results show that industrial development has a positive effect on urbanization. But at high levels of urbanization, this effect is less than low levels of urbanization. The effect of the unemployment rate and GDP per capita on urbanization is also positive. Also, the effect of the unemployment rate is higher in provinces with high urbanization.

Keywords


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