Implementation of Policies on the Shores of Makran; Examining the Manifestations of a Crisis

Document Type : Research Article


1 Professor of Public Policy, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Phd university of tehran faculty of law and political science, Tehran, Iran


For more than a decade, the issue of policy implementation on the Makran coast has been on the agenda of various governments, but unfortunately the policy implementation process has been very slow, which can be described as a crisis. The central question of this research is why, despite the great importance of this region in economic, social, & political relations, & the existence of political will, the implementation of policies in this strategic region has been accompanied by failure & even failure? The present study, with the help of theoretical & scientific literature related to implementation & implementation of policies in free zones, & based on interviews & content analysis methods, extracts the main reasons for policy failure & provides policy solutions. The results of the studies conducted in this study show that the most important reasons for the failure of policies in this strategic area can be classified into three main themes (structure-oriented, ideal-oriented & thought-oriented) & 9 sub-themes.


  1. Abedi-Ja'fari, Hassan, Taslimi, Mohammad Saeed, Faqihi, Abolhasan & Sheikhzadeh, Mohammad (2011), "Thematic analysis & theme network: a simple & efficient method to explain the patterns in qualitative data", journal of strategic management thinking, number 2, autumn & winter [in Persian].
  2. & Suggested Synthesis, Journal of public policy, Vol.6, 21-48.
  3. &erson, E.J. (2011), Public Policymaking: An Introduction, Seventh Edition. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Publishing.
  4. Asgari Kermani, Hamed (2016), "Chabahar Port & the Region", Quarterly of Foreign Relations, Year 8, Issue 1, Spring [in Persian].
  5. Barrett, SM & Fudge, C, (1981), Policy, Bargaining & Structure in Implementation Theory, Policy & Politics, 12, p: 3.
  6. Braun, V. & Clarke, V. (2006), “Using thematic analysis in psychology”, Qualitative Research in Psychology, Vol. 3, No. 2, Pp. 77-10.
  7. Brynard, P. (2005), Policy implementation: lesson for service delivery, 27th Aapam Annual Round Table Conference, Livingstone, Zambia conflicts, but may prevail in the end, Sc& Journal Public Administration, 16: 83–102.
  8. Farjirad, Abdolreza, Siyari, Habibollah, Jahantigh, Reza & Sarwar, Rahim, (2016), "Investigation of the geopolitical capacities of Mokran coasts & its role in sustainable security of the southeast region", Defense Strategy Quarterly, No. 55, Fall [in Persian].
  9. Farole, Thomas & Lotta Moberg, (2014), it worked in China, so why not in Africa? The political economy challenge of Special Economic Zones, World Institute for Development Economics Research.
  10. Hafeznia, Mohammadreza & Romina, Ebrahim, (2005) "Analysis of the geopolitical capacities of the southeast coasts of Iran in line with national interests", Journal of Geography & Development, Autumn & Winter [in Persian].
  11. Hajipour, Ebrahim, Foruz&eh, Lotfollah, Danaeifard, Hassan & Fani, Asghar, (2015), "Designing a Pathology Model of Public Policy Implementation in Iran", Military Management Quarterly, No. 05, Year 15 [in Persian].
  12. Hogwood, B, Gunn, L. (1984), Why prefect implementation is unattainable? Policy analysis for the real world, Oxford University Press.
  13. Hosseini, Fatemeh, (2017), "Investigation of the status of the country's free zones", News Agency, research meeting hold on January 31 [in Persian].
  14. Kh&aker, Shahriar & Khan, Rahman (2016) “A critical insight into policy implementation & implementation performance” public policy & Administration, Vol.15, No. 4, 538-548.
  15. Madani, Dorsati, (1999), A review of the role & impact of export processing zones, World Bank.
  16. Mazmanian, Daniel & Sabatier, Paul (1983) public policy implementation & public policy Glenville all: Scott, Foreman, Republished in 1989 university press of American Lanham, MD.
  17. Pakadeenurit, Patcharee, Nanthi Suthikarnnarunai, & Wanchai Rattanawong, (2017), Location & key success factors of special economic zone in Thail&, AIMI Journals, Marketing & Br&ing Research 4, 169-178
  18. Phaopeng, Peerapol (2010) the success of ICT Policy Implementation in Education: Evident from upper level secondary school in Thail&. School of public Administration. National Institute of Development Administration process. A conceptual framework Administration & society.
  19. Pressman, Jeffrey L., & Aaron, Wildavsky, (1983). Implementation. Berkeley: University of California.
  20. Pülzl, Helga & Treib, Oliver, (2007), Implementing Public Policy, in Fischer, Frank, J. Miller, Gerald, S. Sidney, Mara (Eds.), H&book of public policy analysis, pp.89-103.University of California Press.
  21. Ramzankhah, Matin, (2018), "the Report of Mokran Beach Development Plan", Presidential Strategic Studies Center, Novermber [in Persian].
  22. Riccardi, Lorenzo, (2016), "Investing in China through Free Trade Zones", translated by Reza Azari Mohebi, Vice President of Economic Affairs - Ministry of Economic Affairs & Finance, first edition [in Persian].
  23. Sabatier, Paul & Daniel Mazmanian, (2016), "The Implementation of Public Policy: A Framework of Analysis", translated by Mohammad Adel Panahi & Sara Ghasemi Naraghi, Culture of Thought, year 5, No. 18 [in Persian].
  24. Sabatier, Paul, (1986), Top-Down & Bottom-Up Models of policy Implementation: A Critical Analysis
  25. The law on permanent orders of the country's development programs, enacted in 2016 [in Persian].
  26. Van Meter, Donald, & Van Horn, Carl. (1975). The Policy Implementation Process: A Conceptual Framework. Administration & Society, Vol. 6.
  27. Veysi, Hadi, (2016), "Investigation of tourism development capacities in the coasts of Mokran & its impact on sustainable regional development", conference on the processing of geopolitical development potentials in the south-eastern coasts of the country, Tehran, Ministry of Interior [in Persian].
  28. World Bank Group, (2017), Special Economic Zones: An Operational Review of Their Impacts. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank.
  29. World Bank, (2008), Special Economic Zones Performance, Lessons Learned, & Implications for Zone Development, April.
  30. Analitical Article: Top ten fastest trains in the world, (2020), January 28th.
  31. Zeng, Douglas Zhihua, (2015), Global Experiences with Special Economic Zones, With a Focus on China & Africa, The World Bank, Trade & Competitiveness Global Practice, February.
  32. Zeng, Douglas Zhihua, (2019), Special Economic Zones: Lessons from the Global Experience, private enterprise development in low-income countries, Published on 16 July.