Iran’s strategic policy making in Syria and Iraq (2011-2020)

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student of Public Policy. Azad Islamic University, South Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Full Professor of political science. Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of department of law and political sience of south Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Iran’s strategic policy making in Syria & Iraq has been shaped by regional rises & has undergone profound changes in the security environment. Since 2003, Iran has been pursuing a policy of “regional vacuum repair” in Southwest Asia. Syria & Iraq are among the countries that have experienced crisis, instability & social insecurity.During this historical period, the United States used the policy of “identity balance” to limit the power of Iran’s regions. The politics of identity balance was based on the mapping of fundamentalist groups against the Islamic Republic of Iran. & thus paved the way for the emergence of a war of religion against religion in Southwest Asia. Rival countries such as Iran. Saudi Arabia & Turkey have played different roles in the emergence of new security crises in Syria & Iraq. In conducting the research, the “sample research method” has been used in strategic policy-making & in the troubled areas of regional security. The main question of the article is “What Is the nature, process & pattern of tactical action of Iran’s strategic policy in Syria & Iraq?” The hypothesizes of the article emphasize that “Iran’s strategic policy making in Syria & Iraq has features such as “threat balance”, “coalition building”, “crisis management” & “regional security” that are in the process of “preventive action” mechanisms & with a tactical action model. The Methodology of Article is based on data & context analysis.


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