Identify the factors affecting the implementation of public policies in the Ministry of Energy

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Department of Public Administration, Centeral Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Water and electricity policies as the axis of development are considered as the most important public policies of the country and their successful implementation is of great importance. The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting the successful implementation of these policies in the Ministry of Energy and its statistical population, experts in the water and electricity industry and data collection tools were interviewed. Samples were purposefully selected and the sample size was determined based on "Theoretical saturation" and information analysis was performed using "Thematic Analysis Method". The findings of this study identify 105 effective factors in the form of 6 comprehensive themes including policy, Beneficiaries, characteristics of implementers, bureaucracy and administrative system and environmental factors and monitoring and evaluation. Also, in the framework of contingency theory, 17 new effective factors have been discovered, which will increase the success rate of implementation in the Ministry of Energy.

Keywords


1 - پیغمبرزاده، سیدمحمدمهدی و همکاران .‏1398.‏«‏شناسایی ابعاد اجرای خطمشی‏های کنترل آلودگی هوا ». فصلنامه خط­مشی­گذاری عمومی در مدیریت. صص 35-19.
2 - حاجی زاده، ابراهیم و محمد اصغری .‏1390.‏ روش های و تحلیل های آماری با نگاه به روش تحقیق در علوم زیستی و بهداشتی. تهران. جهاد دانشگاهی. چاپ اول.
3 - دانایی فرد، حسن، عمادالدین ثقفی و اصغر مشبکی. 1389. «اجرای خط مشی عمومی: بررسی نقش عقلانیت در مرحله تدوین خطمشی». پژوهشهای مدیریت در ایران، صص 106-80.
4 - قربانی زاده، وجه اله، فتاح شریف زاده و رسول معتضدیان .‏1396.‏«تحلیل مسائل اجرای خط‏مشی‏های اداری»، مطالعات مدیریت راهبردی، صص 67-95.
5 - کاظمی‌نژاد، ساسان، سیدمهدی الوانی و مینا جمشیدی ایوانکی .‏1398.‏ «طراحی مدل اجرای خط‏مشی‌های انرژی در بخش نفت و گاز». فصلنامه مطالعات اقتصاد انرژی. صص 68-37.
6 - کمالی، یحیی، صدیقه شیخ زاده جوشانی و فاطمه احمدی نژاد . 1399. «اجرای سیاستهای عمومی؛ ارائه معیارهایی برای اجرای موفق سیاستها» سیاستگذاری عمومی، دوره 6، شماره 2، تابستان 1399، صفحات 275-2 253-275.
7 - گیوریان، حسن و محمدرضا ربیعی مندجین .1394. فرآیند خط‏مشی‏گذاری دولتی پیشرفته، تهران: انتشارات کتاب مهربان.
8 - لکی، بهمن (1397) . بررسی نارسائی های تدوین و اجرای خط مشی گذاری. رویکردهای پژوهشی در نوین مدیریت و حسابداری. صص109-97.
9 - مرکز پژوهش های مجلس .‏1396. «‏بررسی عملکرد وزارت نیرو در دولت یازدهم»‏
10- Alexander, Ernest R. (1985). From Idea to Action: Notes for a Contingency Theory of the Policy Implementation Process.Administration and Society, vol. 16 , 4: 403-426.
11- Andrews, Matt, Lant Pritchett, and Michael Woolcock .‏2017.‏ Building State Capability:Evidence, Analysis, Action, New York. Oxford University Press.
12- Bartholomew, u, and O.E. E Chukwuemeka .‏2013.‏ “‏the Obstacles to ffective Policy Implementation by the Public Bureaucracy in Developing Nations:The Case of Nigeria/Singaporean”. Journal of Business Economics andManagement Studies. Pp. 34-43.
13- Batsuuri, Gunjidmaa .‏2016.‏ “‏Foreign Investment Policy Implementation Effectiveness: A Case Study from Mongolia”‏.
14- Bhuyan, Anita, anne Jorgensen, and Suneeta Sharma .‏2010.‏ Taking the Pulse of Policy: The Policy Implementation Assessment Tool. Washington DC.
15- Candido, Carlos J.F and Sergio P Santos .‏2019.‏”‏ Implementation obstacles and strategy implementation failure”. Baltic Journal of Management.
16- Chompucot, MC .‏2011.‏ ‏Major factors affecting educational policy implementation effectiveness for the three southernmost provinces of Thailand as perceived by school directors: Doctor Of Philosophy thesis [http://libdcms. nida. ac. th/thesis6]
17- Iyanda, KA, and SD Bello .‏2016.” Problems and Challenges of Policy Implementation for National Development”. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences.
18- Kenbeek, seth D, Christopher Bone, and Cassandra Moseley .‏2016.‏”‏A network modeling approach to policy implementation in natural resource management agencies”‏ .Environment and Urban Systems. Pp. 155–177.
19- King, N, and Horrocks, C. 2010. Interviews in Qualitative Research. London: Sage.
20- Marume, S. B. M .‏2017.‏ “‏ Public Policy and Factors Influencing PublicPolicy”‏. International Journal of Engineering Science Inventio, Pp. 6-14
21- McConnel, Allan .‏2010.‏ “‏Policy success, policy failure and grey areas in-between”‏. Journal of Public Policy, pp. 345-362.
22- Pall, Goutom k, Adrian j Bridg, Martin Skitmore, and Jason Gray .‏2016.‏ “‏Comprehensive review of delays in power transmission projects”.‏IET Journals, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution. pp.3393–3404.
23- Paudel, R. 2009. ”A Critical Account Policy of Implementation Theories Status and Reconsideration.” Nepalese Journal of public Policy Public and Governance 36-54.
24- Skarica, Mihovil .‏2020. Implemntation of TheStrategy For Public Administration Development In Crotia .‏2015-2020.‏ A Mid-Term Evaluation. Croatia: Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb.
25- Smith, Thomas b.‏1973. The Policy Implementation Process. Policy Sciencess. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company. Amsterdam-Printed in Scotland.
26- Zidane, yousef JT, and Bjorn Andersen .‏2018.‏”‏Causes of delay and their cures in major Norwegian projects”‏. Journal of modern project management.