Approaches to Development of Production and Export Services of the Free Zone Organization Chabahar Commercial-Industrial Based on Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) and Social Network Analysis (SNA)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Associate Prof. of Management, University of Tehran

2 Assistant Prof. of Management, University of Tehran,

3 PhD Student of Management, University of Tehran,


Iran's free trade-industrial zones have been established for economic growth and development. However, despite the growth in the number and development of these areas, they have become regional employment through the commercial gate of goods. Despite the potential and capacities of Chabahar port, its performance is weak. Since production and export services are the main services of Chabahar Free Zone Organization, they have been directed towards earning money through land sales and imports of goods. In this research, production and export services are analyzed using methodology of SSM in Chabahar Free Zone, then the situation of experts is analyzed from the perspective of experts and the organizations involved are identified. In the following, the situation of the communication network between these organizations is analyzed with SNA. Finally, with the results of this analysis, policy recommendations for the development of the free zone organization's production& export service system are presented.


  1. برنامه توسعه پنج ساله مناطق آزاد تجاری به‌عنوان نمونه و الگوی توسعه اقتصادی ایران،1394 قابل دریافت از
  2. عسکری.علی ؛ جعفری . تینا ، (1395) ، ارزیابی آثار اعطای معافیت های مالیاتی در مناطق آزاد تجاری ایران (مطالعه موردی منطقه آزاد  قشم، کیش و چابهار)  ؛ فصلنامـه اقتصاد مالی  سال دهم شماره 37 . قابل دریافت از لینک
  3. قانون چگونگی اداره مناطق آزاد تجاری صنعتی جمهوری اسلامی ایران ، ( 1372) . قابل دریافت از لینک
  4. گزارش بررسی وضعیت مناطق آزاد کشور،( 1396)،قابل دسترس در لینک
  5. گزارش عملکرد متاطق آزاد در دولت یازدهم و دوازدهم،(1398). دبیرخانه شورایعالی مناطق آزاد
  6. موسوی لولتی. سیدرضا ،(1389) ، نقش منطقه آزاد تجاری چابهار در کریدور شمال-جنوب ، پایان نامه کارشناسی ارشد  دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی .
  7. مرکز پژوهش­های مجلس شورای اسلامی، 1395، عمده­ترین مسائل و مشکلات کشور و راهبردهای مجلس شورای اسلامی در دوره دهم. قابل دریافت از لینک
  9. مهرگان، محمدرضا و حسین زاده، مهناز . مبانی نظری تحقیق در عملیات . نشردانشگاهی .1395
  10. Aloise, P. G., Macke, J., 2017, Eco-innovations in developing countries: The case of Manaus Free Trade Zone (Brazil), Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 168, Pages 30-38,
  11. Bao, Te and Dai, Yun and Liu, S., 2020, Trade Liberalization and Trade and Capital Flows: Evidence from China Pilot Free Trade Zones. Available at
  12. Chen, J., Zheng Wan, Zhang, F.,  Park, N., Zheng, A., Jun Zhao, 2018, Evaluation and comparison of the development performances of typical free trade port zones in China,Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Pages 506-526,
  13. Cheng, M.C.B., Wang, D., James J. Wang, 2018, A port-based evaluation framework of trade facilitation policies: Case of Shenzhen and Hong Kong, Case Studies on Transport Policy, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 297-307,
  14. Chiu, R., Taih Lirn, Chia-Yi Li, Bing-Yan Lu, Shang, 2011, An Evaluation of Free Trade Port Zone in Taiwan, The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, Vol. 27, Issue 3, Pages 423-445,
  15. Farole, T., & Akinci, G. (2011). Special economic zones: progress, emerging challenges, and future directions. The World Bank.
  16. Gong, Y. F., & Shi, F. F. (2020) Research on the Interactive Effect of the Free Trade Zone Framework and the Logistics Development of Chongqing Port. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 10, 935-943. doi: 10.4236/ajibm.2020.105063.
  17. Ji, M, Li, Mimi, King, B., 2015, The Impacts of China's new free-trade zones on Hong Kong tourism, Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 203-205,
  18. Peng, D., Xiuyan Fei, 2017, China’s Free Trade Zones: Regulatory Innovation, Legal Assessment and Economic Implication, The Chinese Economy, 50, 4, (238-248).
  19. Lee, S., Park, S., Namgung, D., 2019, Internationalization and Performance of SMEs in Masan Free Trade Zone (Korea): The Direct and Moderating Effects of Firm Size,  Journal of Korea Trade Vol. 23, No. 4, 30-57,
  20. Zhou, L.; Shi, Y.; Cao, X. 2019. Evaluation of Land Intensive Use in Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone. Land 2019, 8, 87.