Comparison of Iranian and International Experts' Approach to Technology Parks

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D in Technology Management, Islamic Azad University of Roodehen

2 4. Associate Professor, Faculty of Management and economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan

Abstract

Technology parks were established in Iran in order to move toward science-based economy and reduce petroleum-based economy. There were no efficient tools to connect university to industry before definition of technology parks in innovation and technology policy literature. In order to respond to this requirement, technology parks started their activity. The goal of this work was to evaluate the effective parameters in technology parks’ management and implementation as technology and innovation policy tools in supply-demand spectrum, based on which, management and implementation model has been designed. In this study, the comments of 64 domestic experts and 31 experts from 17 countries were collected via two Persian and English questionnaires. Next, two supply-driven and demand-driven models were introduced and different models extracted from domestic and international experts’ ideas were evaluated and compared. Evaluations of this study resulted in four models of technology parks management each of which has played different roles in ternary generations of technology parks and has had different positions in the spectrum of supply and demand in regard of innovation and technology policy. The results showed that demand-driven models performed more efficiently than supply-driven models.

Keywords


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