Analyzing the Intra-Network Relationships of the Members of Science and Technology Collaborative Networks Using Social Networks Analysis (Case of Study: Iran Nanotechnology Laboratory Network)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor of Technology Study Institute

2 Researcher of Technology Studies Institute


Despite many studies done on S&T collaboration networks، the relationships among the members of such networks has been less investigated. Present study has addressed the intra-network relationships of the members of INLN during the years 2004-16. The statistical population of this research includes all the members of INLN network and semi-structured interviews have been conducted with a number of key informants in order to identify the types of relationships. Using content analysis method، 21 types of relationships were identified and classified into 7 categories. Subsequently، using a questionnaire، the dyadic relationships between the member Laboratories were investigated and analyzed by SNA approach. The researched results revealed that in terms of intensity of communications، private centers have the most relationships followed by research institutes and universities respectively. Also، organizational motivations، interaction spaces and motivated people have played an important role in developing the collaboration relationships between network members.


1- اسدی فرد، ر. (1390). مدلی برای شکل‌گیری شبکه‌های پایدار همکاری علم و فناوری در ایران. (دکتری)، علامه  طباطبایی، تهران.
2- صالحی یزدی، ف.، سپهری، م.، & بحرینی، م. (1390). مطالعه فضای همکاری­های علمی-فنی شرکت­های نانو در ایران با استفاده از نظریه شبکه­های اجتماعی و رجوع به خبرگان. سیاست علم و فناوری.
3- صوفی، ع.، & پورفتحی، ع. (1388). تحلیل شبکه نوآوری بین بخش‌های اقتصاد ایران. فصلنامه سیاست علم و      فناوری، 2(1)، 43-52.
4- طباطباییان، س. ا.، بامدادصوفی، ج.، تقوا، م.، & اسدی فرد، ر. (1390). گونه­شناسی ساختارهای مدیریتی شبکه‌های رسمی همکاری علم و فناوری در ایران: مطالعه چند موردی. فصلنامه سیاست علم و فناوری، 3 (3)
5- نیل فروشان، ه.، & آراستی، م. (1393). فرآیند شکست شبکه­های نوآوری: رویکرد پایه دانش. سیاست علم و فناوری.
6- Asadifard، R.، Tabatabaeian، S. H.، Sofi، J. B.، & Taghva، M. R. (2017). A model for investigating the stability factors in formal science and technology collaborative networks: A case study of Iran. Technological Forecasting and Social Change، 122، 139-150.
7- Ashton، W. (2008). Understanding the organization of industrial ecosystems. Journal of Industrial Ecology، 12(1)، 34-51.
8- Baba، Y.، & Imai، K.-i. (1990). Systemic innovation and cross-border networks: the case of the evolution of the VCR systems. Paper presented at the Schumpeter Society Conference on Entrepreneurship، Technological Innovation and Economic Growth، held at Airlie House، VA، USA.
9- Belussi، F.، & Arcangeli، F. (1998). A typology of networks: flexible and evolutionary firms. Research policy، 27(4)، 415-428.
10- Bianchi، P.، & Bellini، N. (1991). Public policies for local networks of innovators. Research policy، 20(5)، 487-497.
11- Bignami-Van Assche، S. (2005). Network stability in longitudinal data: A case study from rural Malawi. Social Networks، 27(3)، 231-247.
12- Büchel، B.، & Raub، S. (2002). Building knowledge-creating value networks. European Management Journal، 20(6)، 587-596.
13- Burt، R. S. (1978). A structural theory of interlocking corporate directorates. Social Networks، 1(4)، 415-435.
14- Chandler Jr، A. D. (1995). Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128: JSTOR.
15- Chassagnon، V. (2014). Consummate cooperation in the network-firm: Theoretical insights and empirical findings. European Management Journal، 32(2)، 260-274.
16- De Sousa، A. G.، Braga، M. J.، & Meyer، L. F. (2015). Impact of cooperation on the R&D activities of Brazilian firms. Procedia Economics and Finance، 24، 172-181.
17- DeBresson، C.، & Amesse، F. (1991). Networks of innovators: A review and introduction to the issue. Research policy، 20(5)، 363-379.
18- Ebers، M. (2015). Interorganizational Relationships and Networks. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences، 12.
19- Farag، H. (2009). Collaborative Value Creation: An Empirical Analysis of the European Biotechnology Industry: Springer Science & Business Media.
20- Filieri، R.، McNally، R. C.، O'Dwyer، M.، & O'Malley، L. (2014). Structural social capital evolution and knowledge transfer: Evidence from an Irish pharmaceutical network. Industrial Marketing Management، 43(3)، 429-440.
21- Hagedoorn، J.، Kranenburg، H. v.، & Osborn، R. N. (2003). Joint patenting amongst companies‒exploring the effects of inter‐firm R&D partnering and experience. Managerial and Decision Economics، 24(2‐3)، 71-84.
22- Hagedoorn، J.، Roijakkers، N.، & Kranenburg، H. (2006). Inter‐firm R&D networks: the importance of strategic network capabilities for high‐tech partnership formation. British Journal of Management، 17(1)، 39-53.
23- INLN. (2016). 2016، from
24- Jack، S. L.، & Anderson، A. R. (2002). The effects of embeddedness on the entrepreneurial process. Journal of business Venturing، 17(5)، 467-487.
25- La Rocca، A.، & Snehota، I. (2014). Relating in business networks: Innovation in practice. Industrial Marketing Management، 43(3)، 441-447.
26- Miotti، L.، & Sachwald، F. (2003). Co-operative R&D: why and with whom?: An integrated framework of analysis. Research policy، 32(8)، 1481-1499.
27- Mowery، D. C.، Oxley، J. E.، & Silverman، B. S. (1996). Strategic alliances and interfirm knowledge transfer. Strategic management journal، 17(S2)، 77-91.
28- Musiolik، J.، & Markard، J. (2011). Creating and shaping innovation systems: Formal networks in the innovation system for stationary fuel cells in Germany. Energy Policy، 39(4)، 1909-1922.
29- Nasab، M. (2016). Interview with Network Secretary. In S. Mazarei (Ed.).
30- Oliver، C. (1990). Determinants of interorganizational relationships: Integration and future directions. Academy of management review، 15(2)، 241-265.
31- Pfeffer، J.، & Salancik، G. R. (1978). The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective: Stanford Business Classics.
32- Pfeffer، J.، & Salancik، G. R. (2003). The external control of organizations: A resource dependence perspective: Stanford University Press.
33- Powell، W. W.، White، D. R.، Koput، K. W.، & Owen-Smith، J. (2005). Network dynamics and field evolution: The growth of interorganizational collaboration in the life sciences. American journal of sociology، 110(4)، 1132-1205.
34- Saxenian، A. (1994). Regional networks: industrial adaptation in Silicon Valley and route 128.
35- Sedita، S. R.، & Apa، R. (2015). The impact of inter-organizational relationships on contractors' success in winning public procurement projects: The case of the construction industry in the Veneto region. International journal of project management، 33(7)، 1548-1562.
36- Turrini، A.، Cristofoli، D.، Frosini، F.، & Nasi، G. (2010). Networking literature about determinants of network effectiveness. Public Administration، 88(2)، 528-550.
37- Wasserman، S.، & Faust، K. (1994). Social network analysis: Methods and applications (Vol. 8): Cambridge university press.
38- Wixted، B.، & Holbrook، J. A. (2012). Environmental complexity and stakeholder theory in formal research network evaluations. Prometheus، 30(3)، 291-314.
39- Zakocs، R. C.، & Edwards، E. M. (2006). What explains community coalition effectiveness?: A review of the literature. American journal of preventive medicine، 30(4)، 351-361.