Theoretical-Comparative study of social security systems: Tracing development path for Iran's three-layers social security system

Document Type : Research Article


1 Associate Professor of Public Administration, University of Tehran

2 Professor of Financial Management, University of Tehran

3 Associate Professor of Economics, Alzahra University

4 PHD of Public Policy, University of Tehran


Social security, as an integral part of social policies, has always been of special importance among governmental authorities. Certainly, designing an effective social security system compatible with economic platform and based on its good governance principles, will ensure its effectiveness to achieve the national development vision. In this regard, the scrutiny of current position of social security system of Iran, and tracing its path and future destination is essential. In this study, firstly, we traced the theoretical path for developing the social security system by reviewing social security literature and content analysis of the related national and international documents. In the next phase, we spotted the current position of social security of Iran along the theoretical path by comparing social security systems. Finally, we specified the next destination and determined the requirements for transition to that stage. Results indicate that the social security system of Iran needs to design and implement two types of policies (Scheme policies compatible with economic features and good governance policies of social security system) to ensure its achievements about alleviating poverty and improving social justice during its transition to the “Dynamic Social Security”.


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