An analytical introduction to public policy capacity issue: assessment the nature, subject and function

Document Type : Research Article


1 Prof. of Management, Tarbiat Modarres University

2 Assistant Prof. of Management, Tarbiat Modarres University

3 MSc. of public Administration, University of Imam sadiq


Change the architecture of governments after the globalization and public administration reform, underlie emergence the actors that are parallel with governments that transfer part of government's public policy ability to this actors and formation of "hollow state’ phenomenon. Scientists of government responded to this "ability transfer” by “policy capacity”. Spite of this fact, can be seen in the multiplicity in theoretical studies and definitions of this concepts. Contemplate in the meaning of this concept and drawing its semantic field, has provided an important methodical strategy to better understand and improve the field of public policy capacity study. In this paper, relying on thematic analysis method, first, "nature","Subject","function” been derived as a constituent theme of policy capacity and then be criticized. The conclusion indicate, definitions arising from governance approach have provided more accurate conceptual underpinning compared to other definitions and be capable shown distinguish it from other topics of public policy.


الف) فارسی
1-       بازرگان، عباس (1387). مقدمه‌ای بر روش‌های تحقیق کیفی و آمیخته؛ رویکردهای متداول در علوم رفتاری. تهران: دیدار.
2-       پیغامی, عادل؛ سجادیه، علی‌رضا (1393). الزامات و خط‌مشی‌های کلان علمی عرصه عدالت‌پژوهی در اندیشه مقام معظم رهبری. اندیشه مدیریت راهبردی (16)، صص 5-34
3-       شیخ‌زاده، محمد؛ عابدی‌جعفری، حسن؛ تسلیمی، محمد‌سعید؛ فقیهی، ابوالحسن (1390). تحلیل مضمون و شبکه مضامین: روشی ساده و کارآمد برای تبیین الگوهای موجود در داده‌های کیفی. اندیشه مدیریت راهبردی (10)، صص 198-151.
ب) انگلیسی
4- Anderson, George (1996): The new focus on the policy capacity of the federal government. In Canadian Public Administration/Administration publique du Canada 39 (4), pp. 469–488.
5- Bakvis, Herman (2000): Rebuilding Policy Capacity in the Era of the Fiscal Dividend: A Report from Canada. In Governance 13 (1), pp. 71–103.
6- Baskoy, Tuna; Evans, Bryan; Shields, John (2011): Assessing policy capacity in Canada's public services: Perspectives of deputy and assistant deputy ministers. In Canadian Public Administration 54 (2), pp. 217–234.
7- Boyatzis, Richard E. (1998): Transforming qualitative information. Thematic analysis and code development / Richard E. Boyatzis. Thousand Oaks, Calif, London: SAGE Publications.
8- Clarke, Victoria; Braun, Virginia (2013): Successful qualitative research. A practical guide for beginners. London: Sage.
9- Cerny, Philip G. (1999): Globalization and the erosion of democracy. In European Journal of Political Research 36 (1), pp. 1–26.
10- Christensen, Tom; Lœgreid, Per (2005): Autonomization and Policy Capacity: The Dilemmas and Challenges Facing Political Executives. In Martin Painter, Jon Pierre (Eds.): Challenges to State Policy Capacity: Global Trends and Comparative Perspectives. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 137–163
11- Cheung, Anthony B. L. (2004): Strong executive, weak policy capacity: The changing environment of policy‐making in Hong Kong. In Asian Journal of Political Science 12 (1), pp. 1–30.
12- Cummings, Sally N.; Norgaard, Ole (2004): Conceptualising State Capacity: Comparing Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. In Political Studies 52 (4), pp. 685–708.
13- Davis, Glyn; Keating, Michael (Eds.) (2000): The future of governance. St. Leonards N.S.W: Allen & Unwin.
14- Davis, Glyn Conrad (2000): Conclusion: policy capacity and the future of governance. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.
15- Edwards, Lindy (2009): Testing the Discourse of Declining Policy Capacity. In Australian Journal of Public Administration 68 (3), pp. 288–302.
16- Fellegi, Ivan (1996): Strengthening our policy capacity. Ottawa, ONT.: Canadian center for management development.
17- Honadle, Beth Walter (1981): A capacity-building framework: A search for concept and purpose. In Public Administration Review 41 (5), pp. 575–580.
18- Howlett, Michael (2000): Managing the "hollow state": procedural policy instruments and modern governance. In Canadian Public Administration/Administration publique du Canada 43 (4), pp. 412–431.
19- Howlett, Michael (2009): Policy analytical capacity and evidence-based policy making: Lessons from Canada. In Canadian Public Administration 52 (2), pp. 153–175
20- Howlett, Michael; Newman, Joshua (2010): Policy analysis and policy work in federal systems. Policy advice and its contribution to evidence-based policy making in multi-level governance systems. In Policy and Society 29 (2), pp. 123–136.
21- Howlett, Michael; Perl, Anthony; Ramesh, M. (2009): Studying public policy cycles& policy subsystems. Toronto (Ontario, Canada): Oxford University Press.
22- Kurzer, Paulette (1997): Decline or Preservation of Executive Capacity? Political and Economic Integration Revisited. In JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 35 (1), pp. 31–56.
23- Morgan, Peter (1998): Capacity and capacity development-some strategies. In Hull: Canadian International Development Agency.
24- Newman, Joshua; Perl, Anthony; Wellstead, Adam; McNutt, Kathleen (2013): Policy Capacity for Climate Change in Canada's Transportation Sector. Review of Policy Research 30 (1), pp. 19–41.
25- Olsen, J. P. (1983) Organized Democracy (Oslo: Scandinavian University Press).
26- Ostrom, E. (2007). Understanding Institutional Diversity. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
27- Painter, Martin; Pierre, Jon (Eds.) (2005): Challenges to state policy capacity: Global trends and comparative perspectives. Houndmills Basingstoke Hampshire, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
28- Parsons, Wayne (2004): Not Just Steering but Weaving: Relevant Knowledge and the Craft of Building Policy Capacity and Coherence. In Australian Journal of Public Administration 63 (1), pp. 43–57.
29- Perl, Anthony; White, Donald J. (2002): The Changing Role of Consultants in Canadian Policy Analysis. In Policy and Society 21 (1), pp. 49–73.
30- Peter Morgan (2006): The Concept of Capacity. What are the different ways to understand the concept of capacity? Should capacity be seen as a development means or an end? What analytical framework for capacity do we use in this report?
31- Peters, B. G. (1996): The policy capacity of government. [Hull, Quebec]: Minister of Supply and Services Canada (Canadian Centre for Management Development research paper no, 18).
32- Polidano, Charles (2000): Measuring Public Sector Capacity. In World Development 28 (5), pp. 1–47.
33- Press, Daniel (1998): Local environmental policy capacity: a framework for research. In Nat. Resources J. 38, p. 29
34- Rasmussen, Ken (1999): Policy capacity in Saskatchewan: strengthening the equilibrium. In Canadian Public Administration/Administration publique du Canada 42 (3), pp. 331–348.
35- Rhodes, R. A. W. (1994): the hollowing out of the state: the changing nature of the public service in Britain. In the Political Quarterly 65 (2), pp. 138–151.
36- Schneider, Anne; Ingram, Helen (1990): Behavioral assumptions of policy tools. In The Journal of Politics 52 (02), pp. 510–529.
37- Tiernan, Anne (2006) : Building capacity for policy implementation. In: Improving Implementation: Organizational Change and Project Management.
38- Ubels, Jan; Acquaye-Baddoo, Naa-Aku; Fowler, Alan (2010): Capacity development in practice. London, Washington, DC: Earthscan.
39- UNDG (2011): results-based management handbook. Harmonizing RBM concepts Harmonizing RBM concepts and approaches for improved development results at country level.
40- Wellstead, Adam; Stedman, Richard (2010): Policy Capacity and Incapacity in Canada's Federal Government. Public Management Review. In Public Management Review 12 (6), pp. 893–910.